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Manikkadave

Manikkadave is a village in Kannur district, Kerala, India. It is situated among the foothills of Western Ghats, and bordering the Coorge range of Karnataka evergreen forests. As its crown there lies ‘Kurisu Mala’ (mount/hill of the cross) forest in the west beyond which it is Paadan Kavala and other tourism points of Kanjirakolly. Human habitation in Manikkadavu tracea back thousands of years. The Hindus, Muslims and Christians there live in amity. The settlers from Travancore form about 90% of the population and have spent their lives to make this land ever so productive and have in these years - since 1948 when their migration began - struggled with nature and produce spices, rubber, cashew nut, vegetable etc. The village of Manikkadavu is located 60 km from the district headquarters of Kannur. Distance to Manikkadavu from neighboring places in km: Iritty16, Ulickal (village panchayat headquarters) -8, Taliparamba (taluk headquarters) - 45. From Kannur we can reach Manikkadavu via Iritty- Ulikal- Vattiamthode- or Iritty- Ulickal- Nuchiad - Manikkadavu and from Taliparamba via Payyavur- Nuchiad- Manippara.

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Transportation

The national highway passes through Kannur town. Mangalore and Mumbai can be accessed on the northern side and Cochin and Thiruvananthapuram can be accessed on the southern side. The road to the east of Iritty connects to Mysore and Bangalore. The nearest railway station is Kannur on Mangalore-Palakkad line. There are airports at Mangalore and Calicut.

Name

The name Manikkadavu is also spelt “Manikkadave” or “Manikadavu”. The myth about the name is related to the story of a “durmurthi” (evil spirit or demon) called “Manikkadachokkaali (also known as Manikkadachokkari) most feared by the aborigines, the Karimpalas. It is traditionally believed that Manikkadavu and Manippara- the two neighboring villages - got their old names Manikkada and Manipparambu respectively from ‘Manikkadachokkali’ and ‘Mani Bhagavathi or Goddess Mani. Later the settlers from Travancore modified the names to the present day form.

Geography

Manikkadavu is a typical Kerala village, which has a mixture of features of both midland countryside and the Malanad hill area, enveloped in greenery with a clean and unpolluted atmosphere. Manikkadavu town is medium- sized at about three thousand feet above sea level. The place is known for its agriculture and landscape. It is full of hills and valleys in the middle of which flows the Manikkadavu river .

People

The original inhabitants of the land were Karimpalas .Large scale migration from Travancore started in Manikkadavu from 1948. Today majority of the population the migrant Syrian Christians (Syro-Malabar Catholic) .There is a small colony of Karimpalas near Alavikunnu .It has resemblance to a tropical rain-forest area with all kinds of trees like teak and jackfruit are found in the Western Ghats region growing profusely besides coconut, rubber, arecanut, and other crops. Most of the people are farmers and they cultivate rubber, ginger, turmeric, pepper, cashew and other spices. Considerable variety of medicinal plants also grow in Manikkadavu which have been used in making the traditional home remedies.

Manikkadave

Location